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Russian Air Force
Военно-воздушные cилы России
Voyenno-vozdushnye sily Rossii
Russian Air Force emblem
Founded May 1992; 24 years ago (1992-05)
Country  Russia
Type Air force
Size 148,000 personnel (2014)[1][nb 1]
Approx. 3,040+[1] to 3,155 aircraft[2]
Part of Russian Aerospace Forces
Headquarters Moscow
March "Air March" (Russian: Авиамарш)[3][4][5]
Anniversaries 12 August
Engagements First Chechen War
War of Dagestan
Second Chechen War
Russo-Georgian War
Syrian Civil War[6]
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel General Viktor Bondarev
Insignia
Flag
Roundel (1992–2010, 2013–present)[7]
Roundel (2010–2013)

Russian Air ForceВоенно-воздушные cилы России

History[edit]

Air Forces of Russia

Russian Empire

Air Force (1909–1917)

Soviet Union

Red Air Force (1918–1991)

Naval Aviation (1918–1991)

Air Defence (1948–1991)

Strategic Rocket Forces (1959–1991)

Russian Federation

Air Force (1991–present[update])

Naval Aviation (1991–present[update])

Strategic Rocket Forces (1991–present[update])

Armed Forces of the
Russian Federation
  • Ministry of Defence
  • Services (vid)
  • Russian Ground Forces
  • Russian Aerospace Forces
  • Russian Navy
  • Independent troops (rod)
  • Strategic Missile Troops
  • Russian Airborne Troops
  • Other troops
  • Rear of the Armed Forces
  • Ranks of the Russian Military
  • Air Force ranks and insignia
  • Army ranks and insignia
  • Navy ranks and insignia
  • History of the Russian military
  • Military history of Russia
  • History of Russian military ranks
  • Military ranks of the Soviet Union
  • v
  • t
  • e
  • 1991–2000[edit]

    2001–2010[edit]

    2011–present[edit]

    In 2013, the tricolor red, blue, and white star roundel was phased out and replaced with the traditional Soviet-era Red Star.

    Leadership[edit]

    Previous highest military office, pre-2015 merger.

    Commander-in-chief of the Russian Air Force Years
    General Pyotr Deynekin (1991–1998)
    General Anatoly Kornukov (1998–2002)
    General Vladimir Mikhaylov (2002–2007)
    Colonel General Aleksandr Zelin (9 May 2007 – 27 April 2012)
    Colonel General Viktor Bondarev (2012–2015)
    Commander of the Aerospace Forces Years
    Colonel General Viktor Bondarev (1 August 2015 – present )[8]

    Organisation[edit]

    • Aerospace Defense Operational Strategic Command (Moscow)
    • 4th Aerospace Defense brigade (Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Oblast)
    • 5th Aerospace Defense brigade (Petrovskoe, Moscow Oblast)
    • 6th Aerospace Defense brigade (Rzhev, Tver Oblast) (former 32nd Corps of PVO?)
    • 6963rd aviation base (Kursk Vostochny Airport) (MiG-29SMT/UBT)
    • 6968th fighter aviation base (Borisovsky Khotilovo, Tver Oblast) (Su-27, MiG-31B, MiG-31BM)
    • 1st Air and Air Defence Forces Command (Voronezh) (Western Military District) — (includes elements of former 6th Army of VVS and PVO)
    • 1st Aerospace Defense brigade (Severomorsk)
    • 2nd Aerospace Defense brigade (St. Petersburg)
    • 6961st aviation base (Petrozavodsk Airport) (Su-27)
    • 6964th aviation base (Monchegorsk Airbase, Murmansk Oblast) (Su-24M, Su-24MR)
    • 6965th aviation base (Vyazma Airport, Smolensk Oblast) (Mi-8TM, Mi-24V, Mi-28N)
    • 7000th aviation base (Voronezh Malshevo Airbase) (Su-24M, Su-24MR, Su-34)
    • 2nd Air and Air Defence Forces Command (Yekaterinburg) (Central Military District)
    • 8th Aerospace Defense brigade (Yekaterinburg)
    • 9th Aerospace Defense brigade (Novosibirsk)
    • 10th Aerospace Defense brigade (Chita)
    • 6977th aviation base (Bolshoye Savino Airport, Perm Krai) (MiG-31BM)
    • 6979th aviation base (Kansk Airbase, Krasnoyarsk Krai) (MiG-31BM)
    • 6980th aviation base (Chelyabinsk Shagol Airport) (Su-24M)
    • 6982nd aviation base (Domna Airbase, Zabaykalsky Krai) (MiG-29, Su-30SM)
    • 3rd Air and Air Defence Forces Command (Khabarovsk) (Eastern Military District)
    • 11th Aerospace Defense brigade (Komsomolsk-na-Amur)
    • 12th Aerospace Defense brigade (Vladivostok)
    • 6983rd aviation base (Vozdvizhenka Airbase, Primorsky Krai) (Su-25SM, Mi-8TM, Mi-24P)
    • 6987th aviation base (Komsomolsk-on-Amur Airport, Khabarovsk Krai) (Su-27SM, Su-30M2, Su-35S)
    • 6988th aviation base (Khurba, Khabarovsk Krai) (Su-24M, Su-24M2, Su-24MR)
    • 6989th aviation base (Vladivostok International Airport) (Su-27SM)
    • 265th transport aviation base (Khabarovsk)
    • 4th Air and Air Defence Forces Command — Southern Military District (former 4th and 5th Armies of VVS and PVO)(Rostov-on-Don)
    • 7th Aerospace Defense brigade (Rostov-on-Don)
    • 8th Aerospace Defense brigade (Yekaterinburg)
    • 6970th aviation base (Morozovsk, Rostov Oblast) (Su-24M, Su-34)
    • 6971st aviation base (Budyonnovsk, Stavropol Krai) (Su-25SM, Mi-8AMTSh, Mi-24V, Mi-28N)
    • 6972nd aviation base (Krymsk, Krasnodar Krai) (Su-27, Mi-8, Mi-24P, Mi-28N, Ka-27)
    • 6974th aviation base (Korenovsk, Krasnodar Krai) (Mi-8MTV-5, Mi-24V, Mi-35M, Mi-28N)
    • 999th aviation base (Kant Air Base, Kyrgyzstan) (Su-25, Su-27, Mi-8T)
    • 229th transport aviation base (Rostov-on-Don) (Mi-26(T), Mi-8AMTSh(TM))
    • Military Transport Aviation Command (Moscow)
    • 6955th Aviation Base (Migalovo (Tver)) (Il-76MD)
    • 6956th Aviation Base (Orenburg) (Il-76MD)
    • 6958th Aviation Base (Taganrog, Rostov Oblast) (Il-76MD)
    • 6985th Aviation Base (Pskov Airport) (Il-76MF)
    • Long Range Aviation Command (Moscow)
    • 6950th Aviation Base (Engels-2, Saratov Oblast) (Tu-22 M3, Tu-95 MS6, Tu-160) former 22nd Guards Heavy Bomber Aviation Division
    • 6952nd Aviation Base (Ukrainka Airbase, Amur Oblast) (Tu-95 MS16)
    • 6953rd Aviation Base (Belaya (air base), located at Sredni, Irkutsk Oblast) (Tu-22 M3)

    Forces of central subordination of the Russian Air Force 2008

    • 8th Air Division for Special Purposes — Chkalovsky Airport
    • 929th State Flight Test Centre — Akhtubinsk
    • 4th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training — Lipetsk Air Base - Su-34, Su-24M2, Su-30, Su-27SM, MiG-29, L-39C.
    • 344th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training — Torzhok — ground forces helicopters.
    • 696th Research and Instruction Helicopter Regiment — Torzhok — Ka-50, Ka-52, Mi-35M, Mi-8AMTSh, Mi-24PN, Mi-26, has used Mi-28N.
    • 92nd Research and Instruction Helicopter Squadron — Sokol-Vladimir — Mi-8TM(MTV-5) and Mi-24PN
    • 2881st Reserve Helicopter Base — Totskoye — Mi-24P
    • 924th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training — Yegoryevsk — UAVs
    • Russian State Scientific-Research Institute Centre for Cosmonaut Training — Star City (Zvyozdniy Gorodok)
    • 2457th Air Base of Long Range Radiolocation Detection Aircraft — Ivanovo Severny — A-50(U)
    • 1st Fighter-Bomber Aviation Regiment — Lebyazhye — Su-24M
    • 764th Fighter Aviation Regiment — Bolshoye Savino Airport (Sokol) — MiG-31BM
    • 5th Independent Long Range Reconnaissance Aviation Detachment — Voronezh (CFE and INF verification)
    • 185th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training — Astrakhan
    • 118th Independent Helicopter Squadron — Chebenki (Dmitriyevka), Orenburg Oblast.
    • 4020th Base for Reserve Aircraft — Lipetsk
    • 4215th Base for Reserve Aircraft — Chebenki
    • 15th Army Aviation Brigade of the Western Military District at the airport Ostrov, Pskov Oblast

    Training units

    • Krasnodar Military Aviation Institute — L-39C
    • Syzran Military Aviation Institute — Syzran — Mi-2, Mi-8T and Mi-24V, Ansat, Ka-226T[33]
    • 783rd Training Centre — Armavir — MiG-29UB and L-39C
    • 786th Training Centre — Borisoglebsk - Yak-130
    • Space Command (Russian: Космическое командование (KK)):
    • 153rd Main Trial Centre for Testing and Control of Space Means named after G.S. Titov at Krasnoznamensk (Russian: Главный испытательный центр испытаний и управления космическими средствами имени Германа Титова)
    • 820th Main Centre for Missile Attack Warning (SPRN) (Russian: центр предупреждения о ракетном нападении (цпрн)) in Solnechnogorsk
    • 821st Main Space Surveillance Centre (SKKP) (Russian: центр контроля космического пространства (цккп)) in Noginsk-9, Moscow Oblast.

    Early warning of missile attack:

    Space surveillance:

    Missile defence:

    Satellite systems:

    • Air and Space Defence Command (Russian: Командование противовоздушной и противоракетной обороны (К ПВО И ПРО)):
    • 9th Missile Defence Division (A-135 anti-ballistic missile system) in Pushkino[36]
    • 4th Missile Defence Brigade in Dolgoprudny
    • 5th Missile Defence Brigade in Vidnoye
    • 6th Missile Defence Brigade in Rzhev
    • State Testing Plesetsk Cosmodrome (Russian: Государственный испытательный космодром «Плесецк» (ГИК «Плесецк»))
    • Kura Test Range

    Equipment[edit]

    Squadrons[edit]

    • 8 x bomber squadrons (4 operating Tu-22M3/MR; 3 operating Tu-95MS; 1 operating Tu-160)
    • 37 x fighter squadrons (8 operating MiG-29; 3 operating MiG-29SMT; 11 operating the MiG-31/MiG-31BM; 10 operating Su-27; 4 operating Su-27SM1/Su-30M2; 1 operating Su-27SM3/Su-30M2)
    • 27 x attack squadrons (11 operating the Su-24M/Su-24M2; 13 operating Su-25/Su-25SM; 3 operating Su-34)
    • 10 x attack & reconnaissance squadrons (1 operating Su-24M/MR; 8 operating Su-24MR; 1 operating Mig-25RB)
    • 1 x aew&c squadron (1 operating A-50/A50-U)
    • 1 x tanker squadron (1 operating Il-78/Il-78M)

    Ranks and insignia[edit]

    Aircraft deliveries 2010-2015[edit]

    Helicopter deliveries 2010–2014 Fixed-wing aircraft deliveries 2010–2015
    Type 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
    Mi-28N 11 12 15 14 12
    Mi-35M 6 11 11 16
    Ka-52 4 12 21 17 10
    Mi-8 family 15 10 14 53 32
    Mi-26 4 7 3 3
    Ka-226 1 9 9 6
    Ansat-U 8 5 6 6
    Ka-31 2
    Total 30 53 84 113 85
    Sources:[39][40][41][42][43][44][45]
    Type 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    Su-27SM3 12
    Su-30SM/M2 ./4 2/. 14/4 18/8 27/3
    Su-34 4 6 10 12 18 18
    Yak-130 4 8 15 18 20 12
    Su-35S 2 8 12 12 14
    MiG-29SMT/UBT(R) 4/2
    L-410UVP 4 3
    An-140-100 1 2 3 1 1
    Tu-154M 1 2
    An-148-100E 1 4 2
    Il-76MD-90A 2 2
    Tu-204R 1 1
    Total 13 31 42 65 84 85
    Sources:[46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54] http://bmpd.livejournal.com/1736637.html

    Future of the Russian Air Force[edit]

    Aircraft Origin Class Role No. ordered Notes
    Beriev A-100 Russia Jet Patrol Replaces A-50U. Both variants of the Il-76.
    Kamov Ka-60/62 Russia Rotorcraft Transport 100[55]
    Ilyushin Il-96 Russia Jet 12[55] Modified for different roles
    Ilyushin Il-112 Russia Propeller Transport 62[55] Replaces An-26.
    UAC/HAL Il-214 Russia Jet Transport 100[56] Replaces An-12 and An-72.
    Ilyushin PAK TA Russia Jet Transport Supersonic transport that maybe implemented by 2030.[57]
    Mikoyan MiG-35 Russia Jet Multi-role 37[55] Variant of the MiG-29M2
    Mikoyan MiG-41 Russia Jet Interceptor New fast interceptor[58]
    PAK DP Russia Jet Interceptor New fast interceptor
    LMFS Russia Jet Multirole GA F Intrc Russian stealth fighter program
    Mil Mi-38 Russia Rotorcraft Transport Starting serial production in 2014-15.[59]
    Sukhoi PAK FA Russia Jet Multi-role 60[55] Planned up to 150 or more .
    Tupolev PAK DA Russia Jet Bomber Stealth bomber, flying wing, expected to enter service in 2025.
    Sukhoi PAK ShA Russia Jet Ground Attack Stealthier ground attack, to replace Su-25
    Yakovlev Yak-152 Russia Propeller Trainer 150[60][61] Replaces Yak-52. Primary trainer aircraft expected to enter service in 2017.

    See also[edit]

    • Awards and emblems of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation
    • Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation
    • Honorary titles of the Russian Federation
    • List of Russian aviators

    Notes[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Higham, Robin (editor). Russian Aviation and Air Power in the Twentieth Century. Routledge, 1998. ISBN 0-7146-4784-5
    • Palmer, Scott W. Dictatorship of the Air: Aviation Culture and the Fate of Modern Russia. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN 0-521-85957-3

    External links[edit]

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Air force of Russia.
    • Russian Air Force Official site (English)
    • Russian Air Force Unofficial (Russian)
    • Kommersant-Vlast, State of Russia's Air Forces 2008 No.33 (786) 25 August 2008 (Russian)
    • VVS Order of Battle (scramble.nl)
    • Photos Russian Air Force
    • Russian Military Aviation
    • "Russian Revival" - Russia´s technological strategy for post-2010 airpower

    Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Air_Force



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