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Russian Air Force
Военно-воздушные cилы России
Voyenno-vozdushnye sily Rossii
Russian Air Force emblem
Founded May 1992; 24 years ago (1992-05)
Country  Russia
Type Air force
Size 148,000 personnel (2014)[1][nb 1]
Approx. 3,040+[1] to 3,155 aircraft[2]
Part of Russian Aerospace Forces
Headquarters Moscow
March "Air March" (Russian: Авиамарш)[3][4][5]
Anniversaries 12 August
Engagements First Chechen War
War of Dagestan
Second Chechen War
Russo-Georgian War
Syrian Civil War[6]
Colonel General Viktor Bondarev
Roundel (1992–2010, 2013–present)[7]
Roundel (2010–2013)

Russian Air ForceВоенно-воздушные cилы России


Air Forces of Russia

Russian Empire

Air Force (1909–1917)

Soviet Union

Red Air Force (1918–1991)

Naval Aviation (1918–1991)

Air Defence (1948–1991)

Strategic Rocket Forces (1959–1991)

Russian Federation

Air Force (1991–present[update])

Naval Aviation (1991–present[update])

Strategic Rocket Forces (1991–present[update])

Armed Forces of the
Russian Federation
  • Ministry of Defence
  • Services (vid)
  • Russian Ground Forces
  • Russian Aerospace Forces
  • Russian Navy
  • Independent troops (rod)
  • Strategic Missile Troops
  • Russian Airborne Troops
  • Other troops
  • Rear of the Armed Forces
  • Ranks of the Russian Military
  • Air Force ranks and insignia
  • Army ranks and insignia
  • Navy ranks and insignia
  • History of the Russian military
  • Military history of Russia
  • History of Russian military ranks
  • Military ranks of the Soviet Union
  • v
  • t
  • e
  • 1991–2000[edit]



    In 2013, the tricolor red, blue, and white star roundel was phased out and replaced with the traditional Soviet-era Red Star.


    Previous highest military office, pre-2015 merger.

    Commander-in-chief of the Russian Air Force Years
    General Pyotr Deynekin (1991–1998)
    General Anatoly Kornukov (1998–2002)
    General Vladimir Mikhaylov (2002–2007)
    Colonel General Aleksandr Zelin (9 May 2007 – 27 April 2012)
    Colonel General Viktor Bondarev (2012–2015)
    Commander of the Aerospace Forces Years
    Colonel General Viktor Bondarev (1 August 2015 – present )[8]


    • Aerospace Defense Operational Strategic Command (Moscow)
    • 4th Aerospace Defense brigade (Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Oblast)
    • 5th Aerospace Defense brigade (Petrovskoe, Moscow Oblast)
    • 6th Aerospace Defense brigade (Rzhev, Tver Oblast) (former 32nd Corps of PVO?)
    • 6963rd aviation base (Kursk Vostochny Airport) (MiG-29SMT/UBT)
    • 6968th fighter aviation base (Borisovsky Khotilovo, Tver Oblast) (Su-27, MiG-31B, MiG-31BM)
    • 1st Air and Air Defence Forces Command (Voronezh) (Western Military District) — (includes elements of former 6th Army of VVS and PVO)
    • 1st Aerospace Defense brigade (Severomorsk)
    • 2nd Aerospace Defense brigade (St. Petersburg)
    • 6961st aviation base (Petrozavodsk Airport) (Su-27)
    • 6964th aviation base (Monchegorsk Airbase, Murmansk Oblast) (Su-24M, Su-24MR)
    • 6965th aviation base (Vyazma Airport, Smolensk Oblast) (Mi-8TM, Mi-24V, Mi-28N)
    • 7000th aviation base (Voronezh Malshevo Airbase) (Su-24M, Su-24MR, Su-34)
    • 2nd Air and Air Defence Forces Command (Yekaterinburg) (Central Military District)
    • 8th Aerospace Defense brigade (Yekaterinburg)
    • 9th Aerospace Defense brigade (Novosibirsk)
    • 10th Aerospace Defense brigade (Chita)
    • 6977th aviation base (Bolshoye Savino Airport, Perm Krai) (MiG-31BM)
    • 6979th aviation base (Kansk Airbase, Krasnoyarsk Krai) (MiG-31BM)
    • 6980th aviation base (Chelyabinsk Shagol Airport) (Su-24M)
    • 6982nd aviation base (Domna Airbase, Zabaykalsky Krai) (MiG-29, Su-30SM)
    • 3rd Air and Air Defence Forces Command (Khabarovsk) (Eastern Military District)
    • 11th Aerospace Defense brigade (Komsomolsk-na-Amur)
    • 12th Aerospace Defense brigade (Vladivostok)
    • 6983rd aviation base (Vozdvizhenka Airbase, Primorsky Krai) (Su-25SM, Mi-8TM, Mi-24P)
    • 6987th aviation base (Komsomolsk-on-Amur Airport, Khabarovsk Krai) (Su-27SM, Su-30M2, Su-35S)
    • 6988th aviation base (Khurba, Khabarovsk Krai) (Su-24M, Su-24M2, Su-24MR)
    • 6989th aviation base (Vladivostok International Airport) (Su-27SM)
    • 265th transport aviation base (Khabarovsk)
    • 4th Air and Air Defence Forces Command — Southern Military District (former 4th and 5th Armies of VVS and PVO)(Rostov-on-Don)
    • 7th Aerospace Defense brigade (Rostov-on-Don)
    • 8th Aerospace Defense brigade (Yekaterinburg)
    • 6970th aviation base (Morozovsk, Rostov Oblast) (Su-24M, Su-34)
    • 6971st aviation base (Budyonnovsk, Stavropol Krai) (Su-25SM, Mi-8AMTSh, Mi-24V, Mi-28N)
    • 6972nd aviation base (Krymsk, Krasnodar Krai) (Su-27, Mi-8, Mi-24P, Mi-28N, Ka-27)
    • 6974th aviation base (Korenovsk, Krasnodar Krai) (Mi-8MTV-5, Mi-24V, Mi-35M, Mi-28N)
    • 999th aviation base (Kant Air Base, Kyrgyzstan) (Su-25, Su-27, Mi-8T)
    • 229th transport aviation base (Rostov-on-Don) (Mi-26(T), Mi-8AMTSh(TM))
    • Military Transport Aviation Command (Moscow)
    • 6955th Aviation Base (Migalovo (Tver)) (Il-76MD)
    • 6956th Aviation Base (Orenburg) (Il-76MD)
    • 6958th Aviation Base (Taganrog, Rostov Oblast) (Il-76MD)
    • 6985th Aviation Base (Pskov Airport) (Il-76MF)
    • Long Range Aviation Command (Moscow)
    • 6950th Aviation Base (Engels-2, Saratov Oblast) (Tu-22 M3, Tu-95 MS6, Tu-160) former 22nd Guards Heavy Bomber Aviation Division
    • 6952nd Aviation Base (Ukrainka Airbase, Amur Oblast) (Tu-95 MS16)
    • 6953rd Aviation Base (Belaya (air base), located at Sredni, Irkutsk Oblast) (Tu-22 M3)

    Forces of central subordination of the Russian Air Force 2008

    • 8th Air Division for Special Purposes — Chkalovsky Airport
    • 929th State Flight Test Centre — Akhtubinsk
    • 4th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training — Lipetsk Air Base - Su-34, Su-24M2, Su-30, Su-27SM, MiG-29, L-39C.
    • 344th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training — Torzhok — ground forces helicopters.
    • 696th Research and Instruction Helicopter Regiment — Torzhok — Ka-50, Ka-52, Mi-35M, Mi-8AMTSh, Mi-24PN, Mi-26, has used Mi-28N.
    • 92nd Research and Instruction Helicopter Squadron — Sokol-Vladimir — Mi-8TM(MTV-5) and Mi-24PN
    • 2881st Reserve Helicopter Base — Totskoye — Mi-24P
    • 924th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training — Yegoryevsk — UAVs
    • Russian State Scientific-Research Institute Centre for Cosmonaut Training — Star City (Zvyozdniy Gorodok)
    • 2457th Air Base of Long Range Radiolocation Detection Aircraft — Ivanovo Severny — A-50(U)
    • 1st Fighter-Bomber Aviation Regiment — Lebyazhye — Su-24M
    • 764th Fighter Aviation Regiment — Bolshoye Savino Airport (Sokol) — MiG-31BM
    • 5th Independent Long Range Reconnaissance Aviation Detachment — Voronezh (CFE and INF verification)
    • 185th Centre for Combat Training and Flight Personnel Training — Astrakhan
    • 118th Independent Helicopter Squadron — Chebenki (Dmitriyevka), Orenburg Oblast.
    • 4020th Base for Reserve Aircraft — Lipetsk
    • 4215th Base for Reserve Aircraft — Chebenki
    • 15th Army Aviation Brigade of the Western Military District at the airport Ostrov, Pskov Oblast

    Training units

    • Krasnodar Military Aviation Institute — L-39C
    • Syzran Military Aviation Institute — Syzran — Mi-2, Mi-8T and Mi-24V, Ansat, Ka-226T[33]
    • 783rd Training Centre — Armavir — MiG-29UB and L-39C
    • 786th Training Centre — Borisoglebsk - Yak-130
    • Space Command (Russian: Космическое командование (KK)):
    • 153rd Main Trial Centre for Testing and Control of Space Means named after G.S. Titov at Krasnoznamensk (Russian: Главный испытательный центр испытаний и управления космическими средствами имени Германа Титова)
    • 820th Main Centre for Missile Attack Warning (SPRN) (Russian: центр предупреждения о ракетном нападении (цпрн)) in Solnechnogorsk
    • 821st Main Space Surveillance Centre (SKKP) (Russian: центр контроля космического пространства (цккп)) in Noginsk-9, Moscow Oblast.

    Early warning of missile attack:

    Space surveillance:

    Missile defence:

    Satellite systems:

    • Air and Space Defence Command (Russian: Командование противовоздушной и противоракетной обороны (К ПВО И ПРО)):
    • 9th Missile Defence Division (A-135 anti-ballistic missile system) in Pushkino[36]
    • 4th Missile Defence Brigade in Dolgoprudny
    • 5th Missile Defence Brigade in Vidnoye
    • 6th Missile Defence Brigade in Rzhev
    • State Testing Plesetsk Cosmodrome (Russian: Государственный испытательный космодром «Плесецк» (ГИК «Плесецк»))
    • Kura Test Range



    • 8 x bomber squadrons (4 operating Tu-22M3/MR; 3 operating Tu-95MS; 1 operating Tu-160)
    • 37 x fighter squadrons (8 operating MiG-29; 3 operating MiG-29SMT; 11 operating the MiG-31/MiG-31BM; 10 operating Su-27; 4 operating Su-27SM1/Su-30M2; 1 operating Su-27SM3/Su-30M2)
    • 27 x attack squadrons (11 operating the Su-24M/Su-24M2; 13 operating Su-25/Su-25SM; 3 operating Su-34)
    • 10 x attack & reconnaissance squadrons (1 operating Su-24M/MR; 8 operating Su-24MR; 1 operating Mig-25RB)
    • 1 x aew&c squadron (1 operating A-50/A50-U)
    • 1 x tanker squadron (1 operating Il-78/Il-78M)

    Ranks and insignia[edit]

    Aircraft deliveries 2010-2015[edit]

    Helicopter deliveries 2010–2014 Fixed-wing aircraft deliveries 2010–2015
    Type 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
    Mi-28N 11 12 15 14 12
    Mi-35M 6 11 11 16
    Ka-52 4 12 21 17 10
    Mi-8 family 15 10 14 53 32
    Mi-26 4 7 3 3
    Ka-226 1 9 9 6
    Ansat-U 8 5 6 6
    Ka-31 2
    Total 30 53 84 113 85
    Type 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    Su-27SM3 12
    Su-30SM/M2 ./4 2/. 14/4 18/8 27/3
    Su-34 4 6 10 12 18 18
    Yak-130 4 8 15 18 20 12
    Su-35S 2 8 12 12 14
    MiG-29SMT/UBT(R) 4/2
    L-410UVP 4 3
    An-140-100 1 2 3 1 1
    Tu-154M 1 2
    An-148-100E 1 4 2
    Il-76MD-90A 2 2
    Tu-204R 1 1
    Total 13 31 42 65 84 85

    Future of the Russian Air Force[edit]

    Aircraft Origin Class Role No. ordered Notes
    Beriev A-100 Russia Jet Patrol Replaces A-50U. Both variants of the Il-76.
    Kamov Ka-60/62 Russia Rotorcraft Transport 100[55]
    Ilyushin Il-96 Russia Jet 12[55] Modified for different roles
    Ilyushin Il-112 Russia Propeller Transport 62[55] Replaces An-26.
    UAC/HAL Il-214 Russia Jet Transport 100[56] Replaces An-12 and An-72.
    Ilyushin PAK TA Russia Jet Transport Supersonic transport that maybe implemented by 2030.[57]
    Mikoyan MiG-35 Russia Jet Multi-role 37[55] Variant of the MiG-29M2
    Mikoyan MiG-41 Russia Jet Interceptor New fast interceptor[58]
    PAK DP Russia Jet Interceptor New fast interceptor
    LMFS Russia Jet Multirole GA F Intrc Russian stealth fighter program
    Mil Mi-38 Russia Rotorcraft Transport Starting serial production in 2014-15.[59]
    Sukhoi PAK FA Russia Jet Multi-role 60[55] Planned up to 150 or more .
    Tupolev PAK DA Russia Jet Bomber Stealth bomber, flying wing, expected to enter service in 2025.
    Sukhoi PAK ShA Russia Jet Ground Attack Stealthier ground attack, to replace Su-25
    Yakovlev Yak-152 Russia Propeller Trainer 150[60][61] Replaces Yak-52. Primary trainer aircraft expected to enter service in 2017.

    See also[edit]

    • Awards and emblems of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation
    • Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation
    • Honorary titles of the Russian Federation
    • List of Russian aviators



    • Higham, Robin (editor). Russian Aviation and Air Power in the Twentieth Century. Routledge, 1998. ISBN 0-7146-4784-5
    • Palmer, Scott W. Dictatorship of the Air: Aviation Culture and the Fate of Modern Russia. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN 0-521-85957-3

    External links[edit]

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Air force of Russia.
    • Russian Air Force Official site (English)
    • Russian Air Force Unofficial (Russian)
    • Kommersant-Vlast, State of Russia's Air Forces 2008 No.33 (786) 25 August 2008 (Russian)
    • VVS Order of Battle (
    • Photos Russian Air Force
    • Russian Military Aviation
    • "Russian Revival" - Russia´s technological strategy for post-2010 airpower


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